James Richardson graduated in 2015 with an MA in Landscape Architecture. The subject of his design thesis was how to develop resilient landscapes through processes of decay and regeneration in Idanha a Nova, Eastern Portugal.
One element of his strategy was to expand the number of raptors in re-wilded pastureland, thereby combining ecological diversity in conjunction with human activities. A key component of this approach was to rebuild populations of Black Vultures, who would directly, through their feeding habits, remove carrion and prevent the spread of disease and indirectly manage the level of contact between humans and primary predators, such as wolves.
A recent article appears to corroborate James’s ideas, in the importance of vultures as part of a multi-dimensional ecological system.